Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Symptoms, Complication & Treatment

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) refers to an infection of the upper reproductive organs of women. In fact, it usually begins with a cervical infection of the cervix and then it may spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes. This disease may also spread outside of the female genitalia and in the surrounding tissues.

In fact, the chlamydia and gonorrhoea are transmissible infections sexually transmitted disease (STIs) that often lead to Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Other infections, which are not transmissible sexually, can also cause this disease. To know if you have this disease, you must be examined by a health professional.

How does This Disease Spread?

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) indeed is mainly caused by infections and sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, it usually affects young women.

Here are some factors that increase your risk of contracting it:

  • Having unprotected sex with a person with an STI, such as chlamydia or gonorrhoea.
  • Have already been affected by this disease.
  • Any sexual contact.
  • Have undergone medical procedures that dilate the cervix.
  • The uterus, such as abortion, curettage or the insertion of an intrauterine device (IUD).

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Symptoms

Since women with this pelvic disease often do not have any symptoms, they do not realize that they are infected. However, there are many common symptoms. Let’s check the most common symptoms:

  • Pain in the lower abdomen.
  • Fever with pain.
  • Severe pain during intercourse. This is also the symptoms of Cervical Cancer and Ovarian Cysts.
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding.
  • Change in the quantity, colour and odour of the vaginal fluid.
  • Urge to urinate more often.
  • Painful urination.
  • Lower back pain;
  • Nausea or vomiting.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Complications

If you are undergoing treatment shortly after becoming infected, you are less likely to have complications. In fact, there are some complications that most people are not aware of. Here is the list of some complications of Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID):

  • Chronic pelvic pain.
  • Difficulties in getting pregnant (infertility);
  • Increased risk of ectopic pregnancy, which is a pregnancy where the fertilized egg attaches itself to a fallopian tube.
  • Fallopian or to an area outside the uterus.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) Treatment

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) indeed is treated usually with antibiotics. In some cases, this pelvic disease can be so severe that it is necessary to be hospitalized to receive antibiotics by intravenous. You know what? If you find that the symptoms do not disappear, then you must review your health care provider 3 to 7 days after the start of treatment. In case of worsening symptoms, go to the emergency room of the hospital.

Sexual partners from the last two months must go for testing. If you have not had any sexual partner in the last two months, your last sexual partner should go for a test and go for treatment. In fact, a certain time is necessary for the infection to be clear from the body. So, it is important to refrain from any sexual contracts from oral or vaginal or anal for seven days at least just after the beginning of your antibiotic treatment and that of your partner(s).

If you or your partners do not go through with its treatment or if you do not take all the tablets prescribed, then you are risking your partners and yourself also, which can cause subsequent health problems. If so, ask your health care provider if your partners or you, yourself need more treatment.