Ovarian Cysts Types, Causes, Symptoms And Treatment

A cyst is a fluid-filled sac. Similarly, ovarian cysts are liquid-filled sacs or pockets in an ovary or on its surface. A cyst may form in many places in a body but ovarian cysts are formed on ovary’s surface. In fact, the woman has two ovaries. Each ovary is about the size and state of an almond — on each side of the uterus. Eggs (ova), which create and develop in the ovaries, are discharged in the month to month cycles during the childbearing years.

Many women suffer from ovarian cysts. Furthermore, most ovarian growths present practically zero uneasiness and are innocuous. The larger part vanishes without treatment inside a couple of months. But when the ovarian cysts burst, it causes genuine side effects. To ensure your wellbeing, get normal pelvic tests and know the side effects that can flag a possibly difficult issue. All major types of cysts do not create cancer. But you should go to the doctor for a checkup since only the doctors can understand which cyst may create problems for you.

Ovarian Cyst Types

There are actually two most common types of cysts:

Follicle Cysts

An ovary discharges an egg every month during the menstrual cycle. The egg becomes inside a minor sac called a follicle. At the point when the egg develops, the follicle tears open to discharge the egg. Follicle growths structure when it doesn’t tear open to discharge the egg. This makes the follicle keep developing into a blister. Follicle pimples frequently have no indications and leave in one to a quarter of a year.

Corpus Luteum Cysts

When the follicle tears open and discharge the egg, the unfilled follicle sac contracts into a mass of cells called Corpus Luteum. In fact, Corpus luteum makes hormones to get ready for the following egg for the following menstrual cycle. In addition, it pimples structure if the sac doesn’t contract. Rather, the sac reseals itself after the egg is discharged, and afterwards, the liquid develops inside. Most corpus luteum pimples leave following half a month. Be that as it may, they can develop to just about four inches wide. They likewise may drain or bend the ovary and cause torment. A few medications used to cause ovulation can raise the danger of getting these types of cysts.

Other Types Of Ovarian Cysts

Functional Cysts form during the menstrual cycle and usually, this type of cysts are not cancerous. Furthermore, there may form many small cysts in ovaries in some cases, which in fact are called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). This actually creates problems in the ovaries with getting pregnant. There is also another type which is called Endoetrimas. This actually is brought about by endometriosis resulting in when the coating of the uterus develops outside of the uterus. Dermoids, another type of cyst causing no symptoms to originate from cells present from birth. Cystadenomas is also watery fluids which sometimes develops into bigger sizes.

Ovarian Cysts Causes

Hormone Related Disorders

We have already mentioned that functional cysts usually recover without even treatment. In fact, hormonal disorders cause such cysts to grow. Furthermore, drugs which are used to assist you to ovulate are also responsible.


Endometriosis tissues may develop as mass growth.


An Ovarian Cysts ordinarily creates in early pregnancy to help bolster the pregnancy until the placenta structures. Now and then, the blister remains on the ovary until some other time in the pregnancy and should be evacuated.­­

Pelvic Infection

Pelvic Infection may spread to the ovaries and may create cysts.

Ovarian Cysts Symptoms

You may experience swelling or pain or bloating or even pressure in your lower abdomen. In fact, the pain may be sharp and constant or it may also mild. You may also experience pain now and then. In addition, when a cyst burst out you may experience extreme pain suddenly. Again, you may also experience vomiting and nausea along with pain when a cyst twits in your ovary. There are also other symptoms you may experience. Unusual vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, and pelvic pain are the less common symptoms.  Feeling pain during intercourse is also a symptom of cervical cancer. You may also experience breast tenderness, unexplained weight gain and you may also experience difficulties emptying the bowel or bladder completely.

Ovarian Cysts Treatment

Most of the times the Ovarian Cysts disappear automatically. But when the ovarian cysts do not disappear, the doctors take a decision depending on the size and effect. Sometimes hormonal medicines can be an effective treatment and even sometimes surgery is necessary. Chemotherapies are also treatment depending on the growth of the cysts but chemotherapy is a very rare case.