Far from being rare, bladder cancer is the most common urological cancer after prostate cancer. Men after the age of 50 in most cases suffer from this disease indeed. But the good news is that there are good and effective treatments for this disease.
Yes, there is treatment and cure if it is diagnosed early. Let’s discover the basics about this scourge that are Bladder Cancer risk factors, Bladder Cancer Symptoms, and Bladder Cancer Treatment. You know what? It is a predominantly male cancer (3 to 5 men for every woman) and mainly affects seniors, between 50 and 70 years of age. However, among woman, Ovarian Cysts, Cervical Cancer, and Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) are very common.
Types Of Bladder Cancer
There are two main types of bladder cancer based on the depth of wall involvement:
Theguish from polyps. In fact, polyps can become dangerous. Furthermore, the latter is more dangerous. Therefore, early detection of the first Bladder Cancer symptoms considerably increases the chances of recovery. Superficial tumours treatments are in fact easily, unlike tumours detected in advanced stages.
From Bladder Cancer Symptoms To Diagnosis
Several Bladder Cancer risk factors are clearly identified. Among those, smoking (responsible for one in two cancers), certain chemicals such as aromatic amines (present in the chemical, textile, rubber and metallurgy industries), pelvic radiotherapy are the most obvious risk factors of Bladder Cancer. It is a suspicion that certain genetic anomalies, chronic bladder inflammation or excessive coffee consumption are more or less responsible. In addition, prevention is first and foremost about quitting smoking. In order to achieve this objective, aid may be necessary. You must quit smoking.
However, this cancer is often symptomless in the early stages. The first symptom is the urine staining. This indeed indicates the presence of blood or hematuria. These bleeds are more frequent at the end of the jet, we speak of terminal hematuria. There are actually other disorders as well. The doctors also take care of pain and discomfort when urinating (dysuria), frequent urge to urinate (pollakiuria), the presence of pus in the urine (pyuria). In fact, only additional examinations can provide a definitive diagnosis.
From Risk Factors To Early Detection
If you are facing such Bladder Cancer symptoms, then the doctor will ask for various additional tests. In fact, these tests are very necessary to identify how badly this cancer grabs you:
- Urinary cytology that will look for cancer cells in the urine.
- A bladder endoscopy will visualize the tumour, its location and morphological characteristics. In fact, local anaesthesia performs this examination using a flexible fiberscope.
- Ultrasound, intravenous urography and scanning indeed complete the diagnosis and establish the assessment of cancer spread.
- At the end of this examination, the cancer is classified according to the severity level (TNM classification).
Bladder Cancer Treatment
Bladder Cancer treatment is primarily surgical. In the case of superficial tumours, resection which takes place at the same time as cystoscopy may sometimes be sufficient. If there are several superficial tumours or recurrences, Chemotherapy is obvious to prevent cancer progression. The doctors check urine examination and cystoscopy regularly. In this context and as in all bladder cancer treatments, smoking cessation is an integral part of management.
If it is invasive cancer, then the doctor removes the entire bladder. Moreover, the pelvic lymph nodes examination becomes necessary. In fact, the doctor removes the part of the prostate, the seminal vesicles and the lower part of the ureters for man. Furthermore, the doctor/ surgeon remove the anterior wall of the vagina, uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes and ovaries for the woman. After bladder removal, two methods are used to evacuate urine: in an external pocket (Bricker’s procedure) or in a new bladder constructed from a segment of the small intestine (enterocystoplasty).
Radiation And Chemotherapy
To prevent recurrences, immunotherapy can be used with intravesical instillations of BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin, used in tuberculosis vaccination) once a week for six weeks. The two most common side effects are:
- Incontinence in the case of artificial bladder, and
- Impotence in men after bladder removal.
The risk of recurrence requires patients to be regularly monitored by regular examinations for superficial cancers. For patients operated on for invasive cancers, the orifice of the artificial bypass must be controlled. For patients with artificial bladder, relearning muscle and nerve control is necessary. Finally, regular check-ups will show that the kidneys are functioning properly.
Diseases are in fact part of life. But you know what? You can easily avoid a lot of health hazards in your life. You can obviously lead a very happy and healthy life when you are aware of diseases and you know how you can deal with these diseases. Last but not least, we believe that this article has given you a complete picture on Bladder Cancer.